How to Draw Mountains: A Beginner’s Guide

Hey there, fellow art enthusiasts! Have you ever found yourself wanting to draw a beautiful mountain range but just didn’t know where to start? Fear not, because today we’re going to cover the basics of how to draw mountains. Whether you’re a seasoned artist or just starting out, this guide will help you create stunning mountain landscapes in no time.

Materials you’ll need

Before we dive in, let’s go over the materials you’ll need for this tutorial. You’ll need:- A set of pencils (ranging from 2H to 6B)- An eraser- A sketch pad (or any paper you feel comfortable with)- A blending stump (optional)Now that we’ve got our materials ready, let’s start drawing!

Step 1: The horizon line and base

First things first, let’s draw a horizon line. This is the line where the sky meets the land, and it’s essential for creating depth in your landscape. Use your 2H pencil to draw a light line across your paper, about one-third of the way down from the top.Next, draw a rough outline of the base of your mountains. Start by drawing a horizontal line across the paper, just below the horizon line. Then, draw a series of peaks and valleys to create the shape of your mountain range. Remember to keep the lines light and rough, as we’ll be refining them later.

Step 2: Adding details to the mountains

Now that we have the basic shape of our mountains, it’s time to add some details. Start by drawing the outlines of the peaks and valleys with your 2H pencil, making sure to vary the shapes and sizes to create a realistic mountain range. You can also add some smaller peaks and ridges to the sides of the mountains to add more depth.Next, use your 4B pencil to shade in the sides of the mountains. Start by shading in the areas that are in shadow, such as the valleys and the sides of the peaks. Then, use your blending stump to blend the shading and create a smoother transition between the light and dark areas.

Step 3: Adding texture to the mountains

To make our mountains look more realistic, we need to add some texture. Use your 6B pencil to create some rough, jagged lines on the sides of the peaks and ridges. This will give the impression of rocks and boulders.You can also use your eraser to create some highlights on the peaks and ridges. Simply erase some of the shading to reveal the lighter paper underneath.

Step 4: Adding trees and other elements

To complete our mountain landscape, we can add some trees and other elements. Use your 2H pencil to draw some trees in the foreground of the landscape, making sure to vary their shapes and sizes. You can also add some bushes and rocks to add more interest to the scene.Finally, use your eraser to create some highlights on the trees and bushes. This will make them look more three-dimensional.

Tips for drawing mountains

– Use reference images: Look at photos or other artwork of mountains to get an idea of their shapes and textures.- Vary your pencil pressure: Use light pressure for the lighter areas and darker pressure for the shadowed areas to create depth.- Experiment with different angles: Try drawing mountains from different angles and perspectives to create more interesting landscapes.- Don’t be afraid to make mistakes: Remember, practice makes perfect. If you make a mistake, just keep going and learn from it.


Drawing mountains may seem intimidating, but with a little practice and patience, anyone can create stunning mountain landscapes. Remember to start with the basic shapes and details, then add texture and other elements to bring your scene to life. And most importantly, have fun with it!Thank you for reading, and until next time, happy drawing!